Family Nurse (FNP)

How To Become A Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) And Learn About Their Role

A career as a family nurse practitioner (FNP) may be the best choice for a nurse seeking increased responsibility, high-income potential, and a stronger feeling of professional fulfillment. How to become a family nurse practitioner may be a topic of interest to many nurses and nursing students. You’ll learn everything about family nurse practitioners in this overview, including what they do and how much money they make. You’ll also learn the precise procedures you must take to become an FNP, as well as a synopsis of pertinent state legislation.

about the FNP employment prospects, compensation, tasks & responsibilities, working hours, and more by continuing to read.

Family nurse practitioner (FNP)

A registered nurse who has completed the specific clinical and academic training required to provide family-focused primary patient care is known as a family nurse practitioner (FNP). A family nurse practitioner, like a family doctor, treats patients of all ages to diagnose medical issues, treat diseases, write prescriptions, and maintain health throughout the course of a lifetime. State each state, different laws govern family nurse practitioners. In certain states, FNPs must be supervised by a doctor at all times. Family nurse practitioners are permitted to practice independently in many jurisdictions, but. For all facets of the work, which is incredibly rewarding both professionally and personally, you must be an effective communicator.

What Does A Family Nurse Practitioner Do?

Depending on the area and patient group, an FNP’s work description changes. You will have the choice to serve as a primary healthcare provider for a panel of patients in the primary care environment once you are certified as a family nurse practitioner. Specialty FNPs see short-term patient cases and consultations. The general tasks, such as: 

  • Placing a test order or running the test
  • Prescribing drugs
  • Keep patient records up to date regularly
  • Stay the same even while the baseline responsibilities may change
  • Undertake physical examinations
  • Create treatment strategies
  • Address both severe and persistent illnesses and wounds

Depending on the demographic that the FNP works with, the specifics of each of these change. FNPs must keep up to date on the most recent evidence-based practices and healthcare-related recommendations, just like any other leader in the industry.

What Facilities Do Family Nurse Practitioners Work In?

Family nurse practitioners operate in a range of settings to provide patient care. Many people prefer to work in private practice, but some work in places like retail clinics, hospitals, and schools.

Private Practice

A lot of FNPs work in private practice outpatient clinics where they concentrate on giving primary care to either their patients or the patients of their supervising physician.


Just a tiny portion of FNPs work in schools, where they offer kids primary care.

Urgent Care Facilities

Patients travel to urgent care facilities for non-emergency medical attention such as minor sprains, fractures, and allergic reactions, which are all things that FNPs are qualified to manage.


Some FNPs opt to work in medical facilities. FNPs who desire to work in hospitals sometimes get extra certification as intensive care nurse practitioners or emergency nurse practitioners due to their primary care-focused training.

Retail Clinics

FNP employment in retail health centers is on the rise. These clinics frequently accept a large number of walk-in customers and are open during regular business hours up to seven days a week.

Family Nurse Practitioner Skills

Family nurse practitioners play a big part in healthcare and need to have a lot of abilities. The National Association of Nurse Practitioner Faculties, the AANP, and the AACN have determined the key competencies required of all FNPs. The following are some crucial FNP nonclinical skills:

  • Knowledge of medical procedures
  • Critical analyses
  • Compassion 
  • Ability the interactions between practitioners and patients
  • Proficiency in independent and clinical practices
  • A strong scientific foundation
  • Collaboration abilities for teamwork
  • Communication skills
  • Having the ability to manage healthcare delivery systems
  • Strong core ethics
  • Leadership
  • Technical competence
  • Comprehension of policy

Why Become a Family Nurse Practitioner?

Every nurse has a distinct motivation for thinking about whether or not to pursue a career as a family nurse practitioner. Family nurse practitioners are a growing profession, adding around 17,000 employees yearly. Moreover, it offers substantial financial remuneration, with six-figure incomes being the norm.

FNPs may be certain they are meeting a crucial healthcare requirement for patients in addition to their financial stability. They seek to help others by enhancing the health of various groups across the world. Just 12% of doctors enrolled in primary care residency programs in 2021, compared to around 89% of NPs. Nurse practitioners, according to the AANP, are mentors and educators in addition to being healthcare professionals. FNP students may be certain that they are not only making an investment in their profession but also delivering high-quality care where it might otherwise be scarce.

Steps To Become an FNP

The following stages must typically be accomplished to become an FNP:

  • Get and keep a current license for registered nursing (RN)
  • Enrol in and complete a family nurse practitioner-specific masters in nursing (MSN), post-MSN certificate, or Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) program.
  • the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) or the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Board, to get certified (AANPCB)
  • Apply for APRN (advanced practice registered nurse) license in the state where you now reside.